Characteristic Thinking: Only one right way, Purpose in causes, Guilt and consequences, Sacrifice for honor, Absolute and polarized

Decision Making: Orders from authority, Do right – obey rules, Adhere to tradition, Righteous earn spoils, By the trusted book

Educational Approach: Truth from authority, Traditional stair steps, Moralistic lessons, Punishment for errors, Discipline and duty

Family Structures: Seat of truths and values, Everybody in a place, Codes of conduct, Teaches moral ways, Sets standards

From “Foundation Stones Bedrock Belief Systems that Shape Character, Community, and Country”


Mangosuthu Buthelezi

Scipio Africanus Jones

Robert Lee Hill

Brother Polight

Black Rebel (Andrew Duncomb)

Akintunde Kayode

Joseph H Jackson (Pastor)

Elder Lightfoot Solomon Michaux

Dr. Abdul Alim Muhammad