Black Leadership Analysis

This is an unofficial Spiral Dynamics blog. It is not endorsed by D. Beck PhD.



Julius Juju Malema (1981 – )

  • Joined ANC at 9 yo
  • President of ANCYL in 2008
  • Forbes 10 Youngest Power Men in Africa 2011
  • Founded Economic Freedom Fighters in July of 2013
  • Supporter of Robert Mugabe
  • Member of Parliament with twenty four other EFF members


Julius Malema was born on March 3, 1981, to a single mother in Transvaal province. He joined the ANC when he was nine years old. His primary task was taking down National Party posters outside police stations. At 13 he received military training including handling firearms. He learned how to make petrol bombs and assemble guns for the revolution. His grandmother, Sarah, raised him for the majority of his childhood. His mother died of an epileptic fit.

Malema had a son, Ratanang, in 2006 with girlfriend Maropeng Ramohlale. That relationship ended. He later married his high school sweetheart a woman named Mantwa Matlala in 2014, and the couple welcomed their first son Munzhedzi. Malema divorced Matlala in 2017. Matlala accused him of cheating and threatened to leak nude photos of Malema and his mistress.

In 2012 a man claimed to be Malema’s father. Samuel Manyapye claims he left Malema’s mother to work in a gold mine. Manyapaye is currently a scrap collector. He apologized for leaving the family. Malema did not believe him and said many men claim to be his father just to get government influence.

ANC Career

Malema held many leadership positions in the ANC youth league. At 14 he was ANCYL chairperson for his district. He also was a chairperson in the Congress of South African Students (COSAS). During his time in COSAS Malema said he would burn down a jail to keep Winnie Mandela from being jailed.
At a 2008 ANC rally, Malema said: “We are prepared to die for Zuma. We are prepared to take up arms and kill for Zuma”. [1] At the time Malema believed powerful forces attempted to remove Zuma from power. He also believes Thabo Mbeki seeking an unconstitutional third term could be detrimental to democracy in South Africa. Winnie Mandela resolved the issue resolved by forcing Malema to vow never to say the word kill in public again. The Democratic Alliance (DA) wanted Malema prosecuted.

ANC suspended Malema for various comments put the ANC at odds with various allies. The specific issues Malema caused controversy over were.

  1. Calling for regime change in Botswana
  2. Barging into a meeting with ANC officials
  3. Calling all white people criminals for taking African land

The ANC found Malema guilty of spreading division and disrepute in the party. The ANC also found Malema not guilty of inciting hatred and racism. He was suspended from the ANC for five years in 2011.

Founding of the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF)

Julius Malema founded the Economic Freedom Fighters on July 10, 2013. Malema and twenty-four other EFF members won a Member of Parliament (MP) seat in Parliament. The party gained six percent of the vote. One of the most prominent features of the party is the red worker’s clothing. In Parliament, EFF members dress in red coveralls or red maid uniforms. They do this to remind people they represent the workers of RSA.

The focus of EFF is to nationalized strategic land without compensation. Because whites took the land through genocide, the current occupants do not have a moral claim on the land. Once the land is appropriated the profits from the sale of minerals and crops will be used to fund social programs. The EFF chiefly focuses on improving agriculture and education in RSA. The party is very popular with disenfranchised urban and rural youth in RSA.

Malema was mentored in leadership by Winnie Mandela whom he still maintains a close relationship. Malema claims that this relationship shaped his view on women in power. The EFF has several MPs that are women. Malema hopes more will join and be elected to office.

Malema often uses inflammatory language. One of the most prolific uses of inflammatory speech is singing the song “Kill the Boer”, an old ANC struggle song. The lyrics go: Kill the Boer/the farmer/Kill the Boer/ the farmer/ shoot to kill/ shoot to kill/ burrr ahhh/ burrr ahhh/ burr ahhh. Malema changes the word “kill” to “kiss” because he promised Winnie Mandela to never say the word kill in public again. The song is sung while participants do a stomp in cadence with the music. He has been quoted as saying “We are not calling for an armed takeover of white land…at least not now.”

Corruption Allegations

Malema is known for living a very extravagant lifestyle. Malema owns a R 16,000,000($1.2 M) home and wears costly designer clothing. Many have wondered how he can afford this lifestyle. In 2011 City Press Newspaper claimed Malema set up a trust to launder money from various parties attempting to garner influence.

Specific accusations in the case were:

  • Influencing government tenders (contracts) to go to companies close to him
  • Influencing government to award tenders to companies he owned
  • Influencing government to award tenders to companies he served as board member
  • Falsifying information on application to receive tender

Many have said the ANC supported the investigation. Malema was being tried for divisive language at the time and would soon be on his way out. In 2015 the case was struck off the roll due to one of the co-accused not being able to stand trial due to a sickness. The state can recharge him at a later date.

Ultimately, the validity of the accusations has never been tried in court. Also, the investigation started at the time the ANC had him under disciplinary review. Julius Malema had to sell his mansion in Sandton and his farm in Limpopo due in part from the financial strain of fighting this case.

Marikana Mining Massacre

Malema first called for the nationalization of mines in 2010. His call for nationalization angered the other members of the tripartite alliance, The South African Communist Party (SACP) and the Congress of South African Trade Unions (COSATU. Many say this added to his opposition from the ANC.

The Marikana massacre happened August 10, 2012, resulted in the death of 34 striking miners. The miners were striking for a pay increase from R4,000 ($500) to 12,500 Rand ($1,500) per month. The miners carried traditional tribal weapons during the protest. The carrying of traditional weapons is legal in South Africa even during a protest. The South African Security Force was brought in to ensure order. An altercation began. Some witnesses say the police started the altercation others said the protesters started the altercation.

Cyril Ramaphosa was an ANC and Union leader that had left politics to become a business consultant. Malema accuses Ramaphosa of selling political influence to companies. Ramaphosa was on the board of Lonmin, the mining company that owned the Marikana mine. E-mail evidence showed Ramaphosa advocated for the SA Security Force to come down to keep order. According to Malema, Ramaphosa used his influence to persuade the Security Force to use violence against the protesters.

Malema re-entered politics after the massacre to advocate for the striking miners. Specifically to:

  1. Lay criminal charges on Ramaphosa for conspiring to kill protesters
  2. Lay criminal charges on all directors of Lonmin for conspiring to kill protesters
  3. Lay criminal charges against various actors in government and Lonmin for their part in the massacre
  4. Force Lonmin to pay reparation to victims of Marikana massacre
  5. Report Lonmin to tax authorities for aggressive tax avoidance.
  6. Follow previous cases against police that killed mine workers.

In 2014, Julius Malema accused the ANC of killing protesters in Parliament. He was asked to retract the statement by the Premier (Leader of Government in a Province). Malema would not retract the statement and was kicked out of parliament. The other EFF members voluntarily left with him.

Jacob Zuma’s Home Improvement

Zuma received what was supposed to be security upgrades to his home in 2013. An investigation by the Public Protector showed that improvements such as a swimming pool, chicken run, cattle enclosure, visitor center, and amphitheater were added to the contract. The Public Protector ordered Zuma to pay back the money for the improvements out of pocket. Zuma will need to repay around R 6.6M ($500,000).
Malema called for an early election so the South African people could choose a better leader in 2014. Another election was not due until 2019. Malema also called for the impeachment of Zuma with fellow opposition leader Mmusi Maimane.

Malema and the EFF were thrown out of the 2015 State of the Nation Address (SONA) for interrupting Jacob Zuma’s speech by asking when he would pay back the money. Security guards forcibly removed the EFF from the building. A small scuffle ensued. After the EFF had been removed, Mmusi Maimane protested that the use of force was unconstitutional. Maimane and his Democratic Alliance walked out also. Zuma maintains that the security guards action was constitutional and needed to promote democracy.

After the 2016 SONA, Julius refused to participate in the debate. He referenced Zuma’s bad judgment regarding the Guptas, the home upgrades, and the sex scandal. Malema voluntarily left parliament.

Malema was kicked out of parliament in May of 2016. He expressed concern that Zuma should have to face some punishment in Parliament after the Constitutional Court ruling on the home upgrades. The EFF broke out in song in protest of Zuma being allowed to speak. The speaker would not change procedure, and Malema was kicked out. A scuffle broke out between security and Malema.

Malema insulted Zuma in their native language Zulu in September of 2016. Malema’s objection was that Zuma should not be allowed in the Parliament after a criminal conviction. The Premier threatened to shut Malema’s microphone off because he was disruptive. Malema voluntarily left. Numerous EFF members protested after Malema left Zuma’s admission in Parliament. The other EFF members also left the house.

Malema and the EFF were also kicked out of the 2017 SONA for bringing up the fact that Zuma’s conviction he could not speak at Parliament. Malema also objected to the presence of soldiers in the chamber and the security guards having zip ties as restraints. The constitution does not allow a person convicted of a felony to address parliament. Malema would not allow parliament continue until Zuma and two soldiers left. The constitution does not allow soldiers in Parliament. Zuma and the soldiers refused to leave. The head of parliament then asked Malema and the EFF to leave because they were obstructing proceedings. Malema and the EFF refused. The head of parliament then orders security guards to remove the EFF. A scuffle then ensued.

Guptagate Scandals

A group of brothers (Ajay, Atul, and Rajesh) that have the last name is Gupta came to South Africa to start various businesses in 1993. Their businesses include computing, media, manufacturing and mining firms.

The Gupta’s used Waterkloof in Force Base for a private wedding in 2013. The Guptas were allowed to land 270 guests from India at the Air Force Base.The Minister of Defense did not approve using the base in this manner. At this time it appears that a high-ranking State Department official, Bruce Koloane gave permission to use the airfield. Malema calls for the National Prosecuting Authority to charge the Gupta’s with treason for using the Air Force base.

The Gupta’s are under investigation for attempting to influence Zuma’s cabinet picks. The first and most covered cabinet position possibly influenced by the Gupta’s was the Finance Minister position. However, many other cabinet positions are under scrutiny due to various e-mail leaks.

Mcebisi Jonas says the Guptas offered the position of Finance Minister to him before his predecessor’s firing on October 23, 2015. The Guptas offered Jonas R 600,000 in cash that day and R 600,000,000 in installments over time. Jonas claims to have turned the offer down. Zuma gave no reason for firing then Minister Nhlanhla Nene. David van Rooyen who had little experience replaced Nene. Zuma fired Van Rooyen in a week. His replacement was Pravin Gordhan who served for two years. Zuma did not contact senior ANC members before making these decisions.

RSA’s Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan found billions of Rands in suspicious transactions involving the Gupta family. Malusi Gigaba replaced Gordhan after Gordhan’s investigation went public. Malusi Gigaba has been connected to the Guptas through his adviser. Malema and the EFF commended Gordhan for finding and exposing the malfeasance. The affidavit contained 72 transactions worth R 6.8 billion.

Malema coined the term “Zupta” to describe how connected the Gupta’s were to Jacob Zuma. According to Malema, Zuma sold out his country for personal gain. The Gupta’s recently arrived and feel they can run roughshod over the country. Malema calls for the deportation of the Guptas and will make good on this promise if elected as president in 2019. Malema has also opened a criminal case against the Guptas, the Gupta company directors, and Zuma’s son Duduzane.

In June of 2017 Malema opened a case against the Guptas, Zuma, and Finance Minister Malusi Gigaba for working to raise rail fair for personal gain and circumventing contract procedure when procurement trains. Malema accused a rail contractor of illegally purchasing trains in addition to price inflation. Malema has a letter in which Gigaba instructed a government entity, Transnet, to buy trains while circumventing the normal contracting process. Malema calls on companies that lost the contract to aid him in the lawsuit.

Fees Must Fall

The EFF advocates for free education up until a person obtains the first degree. Recently a group of protest colloquially known as #FeesMustFall began and the EFF joined many other groups in the protest. The goal of the protest is to force the government to make college free.

Bonginkosi Khanyile is a leader in the EFF Student Command. He was arrested on February 4, 2016, for various charges centered around disturbing the peace. He has arrested again on September 27, 2016, for similar accusations. The charges were convening or attending an illegal gathering, interference with police, and trespassing. Malema petitioned the court to release Khanyile of R20 bail. Khanyile spent five months in jail. Malema said this shows the EFF does not abandon its soldiers.

Video List on Youtube “SD Julius Malema”

  1. “One on One with Julius Malema” by V.Pillay from News 24 Archive
  2. “The Story of My Life” Interview with J. Malema on My Africa (Youtube Video)
  3. “Julius Sello Malema”
  4. “Malema defends lavish lifestyle”
  5. Julius Malema, champion of South Africa’s poor, flies business class to Mauritius wedding
    By A. Laing
  6. Things you may not know about Julius Malema
  7. Julius Malema slams man who professes to be his father
  8. Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) leader Julius Malema and wife Mantoa have welcomed their first child together. By J.Madibogo
  9. BREAKING : Julius Malema Divorces His Wife Of 3 Years,Mantwa Reveals EFF Leader’s True Colours ! By M. Ndaba
  10. Malema faces arrest by M. Mofokeng
  • ‘I am free to go and represent my people’ – Malema
  • ‘You are free to go’ judge tells Malema
  • Why ANC Expelled Julius Malema. Jacob Zuma. Youtube video
  • ANC suspends Julius Malema Youtube video
  • Julius Malema speaks about the #MarikanaReport YouTube
  • The Economic Freedom Fighters offical website
  • Jacob Zuma urged to repay $500,000 of home upgrade
  • Malema Calls For Zuma’s Impeachment
  • Jacob Zuma and Julius Malema: A collision course made in Nkandla byR. Munusamy
  • South Africa parliament chaos as Malema MPs heckle Zuma
  • Brawl in South African parliament interrupts President Jacob Zuma speech
  • BIG Fight In Parliament. Malema & EFF Removed By Force Again Youtube
  • This is twar: Malema, Mbalula face off in #GuptaGate
  • Julius Malema joins the party as #GuptaGate gains momentum
  • Malema speaks out on Guptagate
  • Guptagate: Who are the family at the center of South Africa’s Political Storm
  • EFF backs Gordham as #Guptagate billions exposed in court by L. Tandwa
  • Malema opens case against Zuma, Gigaba and Gupta Crooks by C. Vakil
  • EFF takes on #GuptaLeaks with Gigaba in the crosshairs
  • South African Minister claims wealth family offered him cabinet post
  • Jonas affidavit: I met Ajay Gupta, I was offered a promotion nod R600-million to bring business to the Gupta family.
  • Guptas use Waterkloof Air Force base as private landing strip
  • Marikana miner strike for better wages 2012 Global Nonviolent Action Database
  • Fees Must Fall Activist’s Release A Victory for EFF – Malema
  • EFF leader Julius Malema has arrived at the Westville Prison in Durban to visit incarcerated #FeesMustFall student activist Bonginkosi Education Khanyile
  • Julius Malema of South Africa’s Economic Freedom Fighters
  • Waterkloof landing ‘fall guy’ directly linked to Guptas
  • Gupta Leaked Email: 10 SA Ministers And Officials Mentioned In The Bombshell
  • Julius Malema live on #FreshBreakfast with DJ Fresh
  • Spotlight EFF first laday by E. Bates
  • Malema’s Philosophy

    Extravagant Lifestyle

    Malema is known for strutting around town with expensive watches and shoes. Often his critics will use his lavish lifestyle as evidence that he is not committed to the people. Malema fires back by saying you cannot inspire people by living just like them. He is showing black people there is a better life by displaying it first hand. People that live in a shack do not want leaders to join them in the shack. Malema gives his people aspirational hope. Also, Malema contends commitment is in the heart not in the clothes.

    In spite of the lavish lifestyle, he is still a Marxist. He considers himself a man of the Proletariat because he does not own the means of production. Capitalist own the means of production which facilitates the accumulation of wealth far beyond anything he can ever afford. He is also the son of a single mother that worked as a maid. His heart and mind will always be with the poor no matter what car he drives.

    Malema contends his critics hate “to see a black diamond shine.” Many white people grew up poor and have more money than him. However, people don’t investigate whites for fraud and corruption. If a black man has anything, whites want to take it away from him. Whites and blacks need to applaud his success and allow him to live his life.

    Relationship between white and black South Africans

    South Africa has an extreme income disparity due to colonialism. Europeans came into South Africa, stole the land and killed people. Once the land was taken, whites cultivated the land with black labor that was free or underpaid. The wealth of white South Africans is ill-gotten gains. Because the land was taken by force and without consent, black people are justified in reclaiming the land without compensation.

    Capitalism as it currently stands does not help black Africans. An example would be Lonmin which owns the Marikana mine. Malema accused the company of profit shifting (tax evasion) 1.5 billion dollars. The company could have built 5,500 homes to house workers with the money from profit shifting and still make a profit. Currently, there is a shanty town outside the mine and the children of the town forage for food in the local garbage dump.

    Once blacks reclaim the land, South Africans of all races can live side by side. Malema does not want to run the whites out of South Africa. He recognizes that many white people have done extraordinary things to fight apartheid and improve the lives of blacks. However, black people cannot operate on a world stage without owning land. Land ownership will give South Africans leverage in negotiations with world powers.

    Nationalization is a bold move toward Socialism. Capitalism has cause income inequality, high unemployment, and protesters to be attacked. It is entirely logical to begin to transition from a failed system. It is a myth that if someone can make the rich richer, the rich will make them rich. If this was possible, South Africa would have a higher standard of living.

    Black people becoming economically independent will aid in racial reconciliation. White people will no longer have to erect massive security walls in fear that someone will steal their belongings. Blacks will cease to resent whites and blame them for societal ills. Both races can live in harmony.

    African dictators

    African reserve banks are in France or another Western European power not in the African country. Also, many African countries still pay colonial taxes. If these banks were to leave the Western powers would fall.

    Malema recognizes how important strong leadership is for Africa. Many African leaders use the reserve bank as a personal slush fund. They are not accountable to the people and control them with draconian laws and intimidation.

    DeBeers diamonds promised Botswana government 51%. But the DeBeers company does not declare all the diamonds and cheats the Botswana government. Also, DeBeers will not give South Africa the same deal as Botswana. Botswana needs to be inside the company monitoring the accounting practices. Owning shares in a company is not enough.

    Robert Mugabe is not a dictator in the eyes of Malema. Mugabe took control of his land and expelled the white people. Mugabe then won numerous fair elections afterward. The issues Zimbabwe currently face is the result of international sanctions that are punishing the sovereignty of the people of Zimbabwe. Malema realizes that South Africa will be given the same treatment if blacks take back the land. He sees the onslaught of sanctions a necessary pain to create an independent black nation. As a mother suffers to bring forth life, South Africa and Zimbabwe will suffer to realize their dream.


    As stated earlier, Malema is a Marxist. He supports nationalization of certain key sectors of the economy. He does not want to nationalize every industry. Also, the nationalized industry will operate through one state-owned company that will compete with private companies. Malema is not in favor of communism and his plan is not communistic.

    To nationalize, black South Africans will have to take land from white people without compensation. Once the government nationalized the mines, the profit can be used to build a social safety net. If a foreign company wants to use the land, the government can lease the company the land.

    Nationalization is constitutional under certain circumstances. If it is not, the government can change the constitution. The nationalization will be done through legislation, not force. Laws will be gradually implemented to take back the land in stages. Reclaiming land solidifies South Africa’s sovereignty. It will ensure the Western powers do not use RSA as a colony.

    Nationalization is not a radical idea. After World War II Britain took over strategic sectors of the government. Singapore, Japan, South Korea, and America used nationalization to grow various industries. South Africa fought an international war against Apartheid. Nationalization is a valid strategy to build an RSA economy that works for all South Africans.

    An example of a successful nationalized industry is the US military. Most of America’s scientific innovations were researched by the military. The military produced everything from GPS to Tang. These innovations have benefited the world and proven state-run organizations work.

    Malema also wants to keep second-class goods out of RSA. Second-class goods undermine local industry. Cheap chicken destroys RSA chicken industry even if RSA chicken is a higher quality. Many South African economist claim that producing goods in South Africa could offend international investors and reduce foreign direct investment. High tariffs will even the playing-field for South African industry.

    Malema expects an international backlash if he implements the nationalization plan. Malema feels that RSA can weather the backlash and the international community will have to work with him to get rare minerals. For example, 80% of the world’s platinum comes from RSA or Zimbabwe. The other 20% is scattered all over the world. If Zimbabwe and RSA are sanctioned, the world would be starved for platinum. Also, there is substantial demand from other emerging markets that will not be turned off by confiscating the land from whites.

    Instead of Black Economic Empowerment which gives a few blacks considerable wealth to protect the company, give worker profit-sharing programs. If the workers share in profits, they would be less likely to strike. Keeping employees happy will also increase production. The reason employee morale is low is because workers do not have stable lives. The average South African worker is taking care of seven people. Workers having more money will dissolve many social ills. Also, a new market will be created in RSA. Workers will also protect the company politically.

    African National Congress ANC

    The ANC’s original purpose was to take the land back. The founders were rebelling against the colonizers as independent tribes before the ANC. The ANC unified the tribes to fight the colonizers. Malema views the ANC as a failing liberation movement now because members were distracted by obtaining political office. It is not able to adjust to the new times. He is grateful to have left. He feels the EFF can move RSA forward.

    The ANC is arrogant and feels that black South Africans owe them a vote. Zuma said he thinks of the ANC first and RSA second. The people of RSA made the democracy. In 1994 the ANC had 500,000 members but got 5,000,000 votes. The people created the ANC, not the other way around. Nothing is bigger than RSA.

    Nelson Mandela was too old to fight for the ANC once he left prison. He did not fight for blacks owning the production means. Mandela’s resistance was also hampered by him becoming too friendly with white capitalist. After he had split from Winnie Mandela, he stayed with rich white people connected to the Oppenheimers. Malema looks at the EFF as the continuation of the 1955 freedom charter.

    Part of the problem with the ANC is they did not have a clear goal on how the government should be run after they took power. They idolized the wealth and extravagance of the white apartheid elite. Once they took power, they mimicked this extravagance. Many of the followers went along with it because they wanted to see rich black people. Rich black people gave the masses confidence. Personal wealth building does not translate into community stability.

    Cyril Ramaphosa is an example of how the ANC lost its way. Ramaphosa has a long history of leadership in the ANC and now sells his influence to companies. He promises the mining company Lonmin favorable treatment by the government at the expense of the workers. Ramaphosa advocate for heightened government security from his position on Lonmin’s board. South African security killed 34 strikers, most of which were shot in the back. Malema says the ANC and Lonmin have blood on their hands. The strikers were running away from the police when they were shot. Malema accuses ANC and Lonmin of the premeditated massacre of the strikers. Malema cites evidence from the commission report on the incident. The police shot first, and strikers put their hands in the air to show they did not have a weapon. The company should meet the striker’s demand of R 12,500 ($960) per month.

    Mbeki presented one of the greatest threats to the Constitution of South Africa. He wanted to run for a third term while the ANC had a two-thirds majority in parliament. If Zuma had not taken control, Mbeki could have made himself president indefinitely, at least this was Malema’s fear.

    The ANC has proven themselves inept at actual governance. They did not have the strength to keep fighting capitalism. It is the youth’s job to pick up where they left off. It is wrong to say the ANC sold out. Malema views the ANC as an organization that served its purpose.

    Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF)

    As stated earlier the chief principle of the EFF is to take land and resources away from private companies and build state owned companies that use the profit for the welfare of the country. The state-owned companies would compete with private companies in a free market. Malema believes the state-owned company would outperform the competitors and eventually acquire a large share of the market.

    An example that Malema often gives in speeches is the implementation of a nationalized bank. Malema wants to create one bank with interests rates set by the government. The national bank will act as a floor for savings return and a ceiling for loan rates. The private banks that are competing will have to match the state bank or go under. At the sametime the quality of the state bank will need to be the same as the private banks. Both entities will keep each other in check. Again. Malema is not a communist and this plan is not communistic.

    The EFF is also protectionist, which means that believe RSA companies should be given preference over foreign companies. The EFF wants to require that hospitals, schools, and prisons buy 50% of their food from small-scale RSA farms. Once these farms are stable the government can implement programs that will help them scale up. In addition to having RSA farms subsidies, high tariffs and quality restrictions will be put on imported food.

    The EFF wants to reduce corruption and increase employment through the abolition of the tenders ( government contract) system. The allocation of Tenders is currently rife with corruption and many government officals have been caught taking kickbacks and influencing the award of tender. By building state industry that can construct and maintain buildings the government will no longer need to find contractors. Not only will corruption go down employment will go up because contracts often go to companies outside RSA that hire foreign workers. Often the highly-skilled and technical positions go to the foreign workers reducing RSA’s ability to build a professional class.

    Income inequality will be addressed by minimum wages and earnings caps. Instead of making a minimum wage for all industries like the USA, the EFF will make minimum wages specific to each industry. There will also be a wage cap for all high level professionals. They will not be able to make more than a certain ratio of the lowest paid worker.

    When the RSA’s builds its industry and begins to amount a surplus, the money should be invested in Africa before any other countries. During the years of the Apartheid struggle various countries in Southern Africa aided RSA and many RSA citizens helped them. The building of this alliance should continue. Africa must move as a unit.

    In the same vein of unity with Southern Africa, effort should be made to allow immigrants from other African countries pass easily into and out of South Africa. The borders of Southern African countries were drawn arbitrarily by colonizers. The EFF sees the citizens of Southern Africa as brothers.

    Playlist in YouTube under SD Julius Malema

    1. “Malema defends lavish lifestyle”
    2. ”Julius Malema and his lavish lifestyle” www.
    3. ”Debora Patta and Julius Malema unplugged” video Youtube
    4. 3rd Degree Debora Patta vs Julius Malema Part 3of3 video YouTube
    5. Malema tells SRC to avoid ‘lavish lifestyle’ while in office
    6. Julius Malema: Ready to remove Zuma government by force – Talk to Al Jazeera by J. Hull YouTube video
    7. Julius Malema Full Address & Q&A Oxford Union
    8. Julius Malema in Tottenham pt 1 – 4 YouTube
    9. Julius Malema on the Marikana Massacre YouTube
    10. Julius Malema speaks about the #MarikanaReport YouTube
    11. Julius Malema Blames Zuma and His Son For Xenophobic attacks
    12. Malema party to confront Zuma over home improvements at South Africa’s parliament opening
    14. Julius Malema live on #FreshBreakfast with DJ Fresh YouTube
    16. FULL INTERVIEW: Inside the mind of Julius Malema YouTube

    March on Washington Movement

    After the departure from the National Negro Congress, A. Philip Randolph tours the country with his Brotherhood Vice-President Milton Webster. Webster has the idea of a mass demonstration in Washington. He suggests 10,000 people Marching on Washington. [1] Randolph closes his speeches with a call for a mass protest. The idea spreads like wildfire. In 1941, many are calling for Randolph to go through with the march. Black people have been excluded from the Defense Industry too long. Randolph also wants to end Jim Crow in the military.

    Randolph started the March on Washington Movement to create a new coalition to create a mass demonstration to force the government to end segregation in the military and defense industry. He allies with the NAACP, Federal Council on Negro Affairs, and National Urban League. [2]All groups are moderate Civil Rights organizations that wanted first-order change.

    Mary McLeod Bethune headed The Federal Council on Negro Affairs. She was a Washington insider that had unprecedented access to the Roosevelts. She was the highest paid government official at the time. [6] Bethune and Eleanor Roosevelt were close friends. Bethune received inside knowledge on how the President thought and had an advocate for blacks that is extremely close to the President.

    Walter White headed the NAACP at this time. White was another Washington insider and had several meetings on the topic of desegregation in the defense industry. [6] In later years, Randolph and White become rivals and tell conflicting stories about who convinced Roosevelt to sign the executive order. Ultimately, both men had influence on Roosevelt. White pressured from inside the White House. Randolph pressured from outside the White House.

    He now needs to ensure those that want second-order change, the Communist, are excluded from the group. He calls for only black people to come to the march. At the time, few whites outside the Communist Party had interest. There were very few black people in the Communist Party because they abandoned the cause of Civil Rights during World War II. Calling for only black people to be at the march was a shrewd method to dissolve the threat of Communist agitation. There is still bad-blood between the two groups since the National Negro Congress split and the Communist could use a disturbance at the march to reduce A. Philip Randolph’s power.

    Roosevelt never said he was against desegregation, but he did not actively support Civil Rights. He needed Southern support to pass and continue the New Deal. To keep the Southerners support, he purposely excluded domestic and agricultural workers from New Deal benefits. At the time 60% of black people were domestic and farm workers. Roosevelt also refused to back an anti-lynching bill in 1938.[3] No matter what Roosevelt personally believed, he would always act with political motives.

    The USA had not entered World War II in the summer of 1941. Roosevelt wanted to aid the allies in not only supplies but soldiers. He also was framing the war as a struggle against tyranny and genocide. A mass demonstration against racism would call into question America’s moral authority in the war. Roosevelt could not risk a civil disturbance at this critical time.

    Eleanor Roosevelt, heavily influenced by Bethune, calls A. Philip Randolph to discuss postponing the march. Randolph agrees to meet with Roosevelt, other Civil Rights leaders, and various cabinet members. According to Randolph in a 1968 interview, Roosevelt was chiefly worried about a civil disturbance at the march. [4] Roosevelt initially proposed an executive order to outlaw segregation in the government contracted defense industry in return for calling off the march. Randolph would not agree. He demanded that the government include non-contract defense industry. Randolph is only willing to postpone not stop the march. Roosevelt balked at first but ultimately capitulated. Roosevelt signs Executive Order 8802 two days before the march. [4]

    Randolph makes a unilateral decision to call off the march. [2]It is possible he did not have enough time to consult with the rest of his team. It could be that he thought the team would not agree unless the order included the military. Many historians chastise Randolph for unilaterally calling off the march. Originally the March on Washington Movement was a collaboration among equals; now it was Randolph’s group.

    There is another group of historians that believe Randolph would not have been able to make the march happen. [6] Washington was a segregated city at that time, that meant few accommodations for housing and restricted access by rail. Because many of the rural areas around DC did not have black newspapers, word of the March spread in major cities across the country not to blacks within driving distance. It is possible that Randolph knew he would not be able to gather his 100,000 people.

    Randolph has only postponed the march he has not called it off altogether. He now has branches in Los Angeles, Chicago, Trenton, Milwaukee, Washington, Cleveland, Richmond, St. Louis, Atlanta, Savannah, St. Paul, and Jacksonville. [2] The new national movement was successful in creating demonstrations in New York, Chicago, and St. Louis.

    Roosevelt created the Fair Employment Practice Committee, FEPC, to enforce desegregation in the armed forces. He appoints Southerner Mark Ethridge to oversee the committee. Ethridge was a staunchly believed segregation had moral and practical justification. [2] The FEPC has no authority to punish the contractors or government agencies if they are found not obeying the executive order. The result of the FEPC is only documentation that segregation is happening. [2]The FEPC ended due to government cuts in 1943.

    The FEPC did have practical reasons for not punishing desegregation. The country was in the middle of supplying and fighting (by the end of 1941) a war effort. Stopping a production line or pulling a contract could get people killed on the front line. However, there could have been measures taken that would not shut down the line, such as disqualification in future contracts.

    Randolph continues to use the threat of a mass protest to pressure the government into desegregating the military. To execute a massive protest, he needed more organizational infrastructure. In the 1942 conference, organizational ground rules are made. The first is no money from whites. The MOWM can only serve blacks if it is funded by blacks. The second was a complete denouncement of communism. The third was all local branches come together for the March on Washington.[6] Other than the March on Washington local offices had autonomy.

    The institutionalization of the MOWM causes the NAACP to worry that they could lose membership and funding. The NAACP denounced the MOWM as being exclusionary to whites. Turning the NAACP into an enemy caused the most problems with the Washington local branch. The NAACP did everything to discourage membership. The DC local was found to have no members in a 1943 audit. [6]The lack of membership was partly due to poor management, but denouncement by the local NAACP did not help the matter. [6] If there is no support in the city in which the protest takes place, there is no reason to think a protest can happen.

    The Left criticized the MOWM first. The Left felt the executive order did not go far enough because there was no penalty for non-compliance. The second issue was a fear that Randolph was working to gain a foot into the Democratic Party on the backs of his people. Blacks would then have total loyalty to the Democratic Party. People do not bait hooks for caught fish. From the extreme Left the criticism was Randolph was not attempting to overthrow an inherently racist system, he was just trying to get black people included in the system at a deeper level.

    On the right, there was the charge that a mass demonstration is too risky. The summer of 1943 birthed two race riots in Detroit and New York. Both ended with dozens of blacks killed or injured. The Ohio newspaper,Cleveland Call, urged Randolph to concentrate on local protest at factories. The paper cited numerous instances of local protest working without the risk or cost of a national demonstration. [7]

    Randolph wanted the march to be all black to reduce the likelihood of infiltration by saboteurs and to promote black pride. Having an all black march would combat the inferiority complex in blacks. [6] If blacks cannot do anything on their own they will never have the confidence to compete in America. Having the MOWM funded totally by blacks allowed for total control of the movement. Randolph reiterates an old saying “there is no instance of people… winning freedom who did not have to pay for it in treasure, blood, and tears, and since who pays the fiddler calls the time.” [6]

    Ultimately, a movement can’t be funded by people with no money. Funding from the NAACP dries up when the MOWM is thought to be working for a permanent organization. In 1942, Randolph admitted to a lieutenant that the movement does not have a dime. [6] In 1943, Randolph asks the Executive Committee for personal loans to keep the movement afloat. [6] The organization holds itself together until 1947 with no paid staff members.

    The first organization dedicated to nonviolent direct action was The March on Washington Movement. The NAACP focused on winning cases; the National Urban League groomed politicians, the MOWM got people in the streets across the nation to protest. The MOWM successfully picketed an arms manufacturer in St. Louis along with other local victories. The blueprint will be taken up in the 1960’s by Randolph protege Dr. Martin Luther King.

    As stated earlier, Executive Order 8802 did not desegregate the military. Truman will have to implement Executive Order 9981 in 1948 and Secretary McNamara issuing Defense Directive 5120.36 in 1963. However, it was a crucial first step. After EO 8802 the number of black civil servants triple and the number of blacks in the defense industry went from 8.4% to 12.5%. [6] Desegregation would never happen overnight. It took many people of all races working together in many different manners. The MOWM created a template for non-violence that will be used for the entire Civil Rights Movement.

    One can not be sure why Randolph left his earlier pragmatism behind. It is reasonable to assume he was terrified of communist infiltration. It is also sensible to think he needed an all-black movement to be successful to salve his ego. It’s hard for a person to share a victory with people he does not trust. I assume there were some shadow elements within Randolph that caused some self-sabotage. Randolph also lacked a lieutenant in the MOWM effort. Milton Webster was a pragmatic Vice-President of The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Randolph had a few female secretaries, but due to money issues, none stayed long enough to influence the movement. History will never understand Randolph’s lapse in judgment.

    1. Rising From the Rails by Larry Tye
    2. “The Negro March On Washington Movement in the World War II Period”
    3. “Race and FDR’s New Deal”
    4. Thomas Baker Interview with A. Philip Randolph October 29,1968
    5. New York Amsterdam News August 7, 1943
    6.“It’s A New Kind of Militancy” by David Lucander
    7. Cleveland Call Sept 12, 1942
    8. “Harry Truman and the Desegregation of the Military” by Joy A. Reid

    Featured post

    Randolph & The National Negro Congress

    A Philip Randolph provides many examples of how to build and break coalitions. Randolph understood that alliances bring economy of scale and cross-pollinate ideas from one movement to another. He also understood if a member or group of members is going down the wrong path, it is better to let them go down that road alone. He understood relationships are important, but the welfare of the people he is here to protect is more important.

    Randolph’s first coalition was formed to aid the Scottsboro Boys to fight their 1931 case. The Scottsboro Boys were a group of black hobos that fought a group of white hobos for the right to stowaway on a train car. After losing the fight, the white hobos got two white women to accuse the blacks of rape. The Scottsboro Boys are arrested and almost lynched. A rushed trail and a harsh conviction followed to prevent a race riot.

    Randolph teams up with the NAACP and the Communist Party. Randolph, having the Pullman Porters at his aid, was able to make sure news of the trial got across the country. The NAACP had the lawyers and the political pull to make sure the Scottsboro Boys had a retrial. The Communist Party had money and pull with white liberals and radicals. The team was able to free four of the nine men. [1]

    The members of the team decided they should keep a good thing going. In May of 1935, the National Negro Congress is founded at Howard University. They had their first convention in Chicago in February of 1936.[2] The NNC had 800 delegates representing every major national and local Civil Rights, Labor, and Leftist organization.[3] The goal was to fight for Civil Rights as a subset of economic equality. The NNC will encourage blacks to join the unions, the unions to accept black people, and pooling resources to support leftist candidates and policies. The largest difference between NNC members and mainstream leftist and Civil Rights organizations is the thought race is a material, not moral construct and racism is a national not Southern issue. [4]

    The biggest division in the group was the Communist and liberal Civil Rights leaders. The Communist wanted to change the economic system of the United States. Beck refers to this as a “Second Order Change.” The Liberals wanted more blacks involved in industries outside domestic and agricultural. The Liberals wanted “First Order Change.”

    On top of having different philosophies, many Communist Party leaders were in contact with the Soviet Union (USSR). The USSR and the USA had a very complicated relationship in the 1930’s. USSR was part of the allied alliance against Germany. At the same time, the Soviet Union vowed to spread Communism all over the world. The spread of Communism was a direct threat to American capitalism. Many of the liberals did not want to get involved in taking on the entire government. They also did not want to be implicated in an espionage investigation

    In 1939, the USSR signed an agreement with Germany not to attack. Essentially, the USSR left the Allied Alliance. The USSR leaving the war caused a split in the NNC. The Liberals wanted to support the war effort and desegregate the military. The Communist wanted to become pacifist. A. Philip Randolph and the other liberals left the NNC in 1940. [4]

    In 1941, Germany reneged on the pact with the USSR and invaded. The American Communist Party does a one-eighty and now supports the war effort. The Communist go so far that they no longer call for the military to desegregate. The new stance is Hitler is the primary enemy and racist are a secondary enemy. After the war is over, the Civil Rights struggle will continue.[5]Many of the NNC members and black people in the Communist party at large left when the party abandoned Civil Rights. One of those people was Bayard Rustin. The NNC dissolves in 1947 due to Cold War Suppression. [3]

    Randolph took the contingent that was pro-USA and started the “Double V” movement. The goal was to encourage black people to join the war effort and desegregate the military. The committee will grow to the March on Washington Movement that will force the desegregation of the war industry and the military. It will also increase Randolph’s influence with a host of presidents. More on this subject will fill a later blog post.

    As the reader can see, Randolph again shows exceptional judgment. He had watched the Soviet Revolution since 1917 when he viewed it optimistically. He watched the atrocities it committed over the last fifteen years and determined he wanted no part of it. The USA had its problems, yet he understood that these problems could best be solved within the USA. Becoming a puppet to a foreign government caused not only the loss of independence, but it also puts the organization even more at odds with the government that has power over the lives of the members. Randolph made the best decision for himself and the Brotherhood by leaving the NNC. By keeping his independence, he was able to take a practical stance against oppression


    1. “Scottsboro Boys, Trial, and Defense”
    2. “The National Negro Congress of 1936”
    3. “National Negro Congress”
    4. Report on Deathblow to Jim Crow by Charles Manning
    5. “The Negro March On Washington Movement in the World War II Period”

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